The survival streak in the Russian light industry has ended. For the first time in twenty-five years, with appropriate government programs, according to experts, the development of the industry in Russia is close to reaching the Soviet level.
Last year, textile and clothing production increased by 5.3% compared to the level of 2015, the production of leather, leather goods and footwear by 5.1%. In general, the production indicators of the garment and leather industries were the most successful in 2016.
Soyuzlegprom is convinced that the growth rates of the production of technical textiles and nonwovens in recent years confirm the fact that the Russian industry can develop at a faster pace. Loans in the amount of 597 million rubles have been allocated from the Industrial Development Fund over the past year only to realize the investment potential of light industry companies.
Despite the skepticism of some players who claim that "Russia has not produced even threads itself for a long time," the ice in import substitution has started with the tax breaks long expected by the industry. In particular, at the initiative of Soyuzlegprom, with the support of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation, a Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation was adopted on exemption from value added tax of technological equipment for the textile industry, analogues of which are not produced in the country. The decision of the Eurasian Economic Commission established zero import customs duty rates for viscose fibers.
One of the key tasks of the further development of the textile and light industry is to establish inter-industry cooperation and stimulate consumer demand for domestic products," says Andrey Razbrodin, President of Soyuzlegprom. For example, Soyuzlegprom has signed an agreement on mutual cooperation with the Association of Furniture and Woodworking Industry Enterprises. The Union has begun to take the first steps in cooperation with Rosavtodor on the use of domestic nonwovens and geotextiles in road infrastructure. The share of materials supplied to law enforcement agencies has increased from 30% to 83%.
The demand for synthetic fabrics continues to grow, most of them are used not only in the manufacture of clothing, but also in related industries.
The state market is estimated by experts as the largest in Russia: the annual demand of companies with state participation in light industry goods only in the part of special clothing and footwear is about 35 billion rubles. These enterprises are supplied with products of a predominantly innovative assortment. According to experts, this fact is very important for the development of high-tech areas of light industry.
Innovative technologies are already being actively implemented in the "civil" light industry: for example, Soyuzlegprom has signed an agreement with the KUNTSEVO Technopark on long-term cooperation. The goal is to increase the competitiveness of domestic products, as well as create conditions for the development of new directions in accordance with global trends.
In addition, for the first time since the collapse of the USSR, the problem of school uniforms has been brought to the state level. According to Rosstat estimates, there are more than 14 million schoolchildren in Russia, including 6.4 million children in primary school (1st grade). The annual volume of manufactured fabrics for clothing of students in primary schools is about 9.6 million linear meters.
The Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia and the Government of the Russian Federation supported the proposals of Soyuzlegprom and a number of industry enterprises to expand the scope of the decree of the Government of the Russian Federation on subsidizing enterprises to compensate for income losses possible as a result of the production of worsted fabrics intended for the manufacture of clothing for students (school uniforms), and and polyviscous tissues », – reports Andrey Razbrodin. According to Mr. Razbrodin, it is subsidizing Russian enterprises that will allow manufacturers of clothing for schoolchildren to be competitive compared to foreign manufacturers. This year, Soyuzlegprom also sent a proposal to the Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology to develop a national standard "School Uniform" and include it in the annual plan for the development of national standards at the expense of the federal budget.
Author: Svetlana Soboleva