Russian light industry: issues and prospects
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In June, the annual reporting meeting of the industry association was held in Moscow.Soyuzlegprom, following which the correspondent of "MM" had a conversation with the president of the organizationAndrey Razbrodin.
– Andrey Valentinovich, what trends are typical for the sphere of raw materials for the textile and light industry?
Providing the industry with Russian raw materials is one of the strategic tasks. Our The Union closely cooperates with the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation and industry unions to provide industry enterprises with domestic flax fiber, wool, leather raw materials.
Interdepartmental and intersectoral cooperation on the integrated development of flax growing and the entire flax industry within the framework of specialized clusters is actively developing. And also on the development of cotton growing in the Volgograd, Astrakhan regions, in the Stavropol region. For example, the Kamyshinsky Textile Mill (Volgograd region) plans to increase the processing of the Lower Volga raw material, and its technical parameters are not much inferior to Uzbek and other imported analogues.
The flax market is exactly the segment in which Russia can strengthen its position by carrying out a full cycle from the production of raw materials to spinning, weaving and finishing. In the synthetic segment, Russia will be able to compete very seriously with all other countries when a plant for the production of chemical and other types of fibers for the textile industry is built in the Ivanovo region. In the raw material support of the production of wool and cotton fabrics, two areas may be strategically interesting: for wool, close cooperation with the International (Australian) Wool Secretariat and the creation of conditions for the purchase of raw materials from abroad in the producing countries; for cotton, the creation of conditions for Russian companies for long-term investment in the processing of raw yarn in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan.
Soyuzlegprom supports and oversees the implementation of strategic projects in the industry. Among them is an investment project for the construction of a complex for the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) for textile purposes in Vichug (Ivanovo region). This project is the main driver of the integration of chemical industry and light industry in the country. And, accordingly, reducing its import dependence on the corresponding products.
What can you say about the main measures of the general economic and sectoral policy that would ensure the sustainable development of the light industry and increase the competitiveness of domestic products?
Among the measures recommended by the expert and entrepreneurial business communities, it was proposed to reduce the tax burden, especially with regard to streamlining the work on paying taxes on cadastral value. It is also required to change the monetary policy of the Central Bank of Russia to contain the money supply, which, among other things, will improve the situation with the availability of commercial loans. It is also proposed as a pilot project to introduce investment tax incentives for industry enterprises in the same amount as for residents of special economic zones.
Of course, issues of particular importance for the industry are its staffing and salary increases, which are significantly behind the average salary in the manufacturing industry (39.8 thousand rubles) and in the industry as a whole.
Experts in this regard propose to establish temporarily, for a period of 3 to 4 years, reduced rates of insurance premiums at the level of 14%, of which 8% is paid to the FIU, 2% to the FSS of the Russian Federation, 4% to the FOMS. Textile and light industry enterprises will then receive savings in terms of paying insurance premiums in the amount of 16% from payments made in favor of individuals within the framework of labor relations. At the same time, the increased income from personal income tax could be directed to the budgets of the regions.
– Active exhibition and fair activities play an important role in increasing the competitiveness of the industry. How are things in this area?
Not all enterprises of the domestic light industry, especially small and medium-sized ones, have the opportunity to allocate enough funds to participate in exhibitions and to promote their products. Recently Soyuzlegprom again appealed to the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation and the REC about subsidizing the costs of participation of Russian manufacturers in industry exhibitions in Russia. Such support is especially relevant today, when the Russian market has become interesting in terms of production placement and localization.
Perhaps the central event in this area was the recent Cooperation Agreement Union with the international exhibition company Messe Frankfurt GmbH (Germany). This indicates, among other things, the growing interest of foreign manufacturers and exporters in the Russian light industry. And, of course, it significantly expands the opportunities of Russian enterprises to move goods in foreign markets.
The annually organized The Union together with the Ministry of Industry and Trade, "Expocenter", the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation and the RSSP "Russian Textile and Light Industry Week" and the international exhibition "Intertkan". An increasing number of enterprises are interested in participating in these forums.
Further collaboration The Union with the legislative and executive authorities, the CCI of the Russian Federation, the RSPP and our social partners should lead the textile and light industry to self-sufficiency and competitiveness. That will allow it to take its rightful place in the country's economy and enter foreign markets.
Interviewed by Andrey Chilikin
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